Design and Technology

The Design Technology curriculum at Mengham Junior School is planned to allow pupils the chance to experience the complete process of planning, creating and evaluating products using a range of progressive skills.  Throughout their time at the Junior School, children will create products under a range of skills titles including: Structures, Cooking and Nutrition, Textiles, and Mechanical and Electrical Systems.

Cooking and Nutrition is now a key focus in the DT curriculum and will be covered in each year across Key Stage 2.  These units cover the importance of hygiene and eating a broad and balanced healthy diet, as well as planning, preparing, cooking and evaluating dishes.  Understanding the source of food and being aware of factors such as sustainability, seasonality and the benefits of using locally resourced produce, is also key to this aspect of the curriculum.

The other 4 key areas of Design Technology skills (Structures, Textiles and Mechanical and Electrical Systems are visited once each in Lower and Upper School and build on from what has been experienced before.

Children also have the opportunity to join our after-school DT club which includes cooking and sewing skills and all children take part in our annual DT challenge day which is an opportunity to work in house-teams and is always a highly anticipated event in the school calendar. 

Our DT curriculum map shows what the children will be experiencing this year:

Lower KS2

Developing, Planning and Communicating Ideas

• Investigate similar products to the one to be made to give starting points for a

design

• Draw/sketch products to help analyse and understand how products are made

• Think ahead about the order of their work and decide upon tools and materials

• Plan a sequence of actions to make a product

• Record the plan by drawing (labelled sketches) or writing

• Develop more than one design or adaptation of an initial design

• Propose realistic suggestions as to how they can achieve their design ideas

• Add notes to drawings to help explanations

Evaluation

• Identify the strengths and weaknesses of their design ideas

• Decide which design idea to develop

• Consider and explain how the finished product could be improved

• Discuss how well the finished product meets the design criteria and how well it meets the needs the needs of the user.

Upper KS2

Developing, Planning and Communicating Ideas

• Investigate products/images to collect ideas

• Sketch and model alternative ideas

• Develop one idea in depth

• Combine modelling and drawing to refine ideas

• Plan the sequence of work using a storyboard

• Record ideas using annotated diagrams

• Use models, kits and drawings to help formulate design ideas

• Make prototypes

• Use found information to inform decisions

• Use a computer to model ideas

• Draw plans which can be read/followed by someone else

• Give a report using correct technical vocabulary

Evaluation

• Use the design criteria to inform their decisions about ways to proceed

• Justify their decisions about materials and methods of construction

• Reflect on their work using design criteria stating how well the design fits the needs of the user

• Identify what does and does not work in the product.

• Make suggestions as how their design could be improved

Mengham Junior School Subject Skills: DT CURRICULUM 2016-2017MJS Ship.png

Year Group

Autumn 1

Autumn 2

Spring 1

Spring 2

Summer 1

Summer 2

Year 3

Shell Structures

• Create shell or frame structures, strengthen frames with diagonal struts

• Make structures more stable by giving them a wide base

• Prototype frame and shell structures

• Measure and mark square selection, strip and dowel accordingly to 1cm

• Use glue gun with close supervision (one to one)

• Cut slots

• Cut internal shapes

• Use and explore complex pop ups • Create nets

Food

• Develop sensory vocabulary/knowledge using, smell, taste, texture and feel

• Analyse the taste, texture, smell and appearance of a range of foods     • Follow instructions

• Make healthy eating choices from and understanding of a balanced diet

• Join and combine a range of ingredients e.g. snack foods

• Work safely and hygienically

• Measure and weigh ingredients appropriately

*Know how to lay a table and have good table manners.

Textiles

• Understand seam allowance

• Join fabrics using running stitch, over sewing, back stitch

• Explore fastenings and recreate some e.g. sew on buttons and make loops

• Prototype a product using J cloths

• Use appropriate decoration techniques e.g. appliqué (glued or simple stitches)

• Create a simple pattern

• Understand the need for patterns

Year 4

Mechanical Systems

• Use lolly sticks/card to make levers and linkages

• Use linkages to make movement larger or more varied.

• Use and explore complex pop ups

• Create nets

Food

• Develop sensory vocabulary/knowledge using, smell, taste, texture and feel.

• Analyse the taste, texture, smell and appearance of a range of foods    • Follow a recipe.

• Make healthy eating choices from and understanding of a balanced diet

• Join and combine a range of ingredients for a main course.

• Work safely and hygienically • Select equipment; measure & weigh ingredients appropriately *Know how to lay a table and conduct themselves with good table manners.

Electrical Systems

(including programming and control)

• Incorporate a circuit with a bulb or buzzer into a model

• Know how simple electrical circuits and components can be used to create functional products

• Know to program a computer to control their products.

Year 5

Electrical systems

• Incorporate motor and a switch into a model

• Control a model using an ICT control programme

• Know how more complex electrical circuits and components can be used to create functional products.

• Know how to program a computer to monitor changes in the environment and control their products.

Structures – Frame Structures

• Use bradawl to mark hole positions

• Use hand drill to drill tight and loose fit holes

• Cut strip wood, dowel, square section wood accurately to 1mm

• Join materials using appropriate methods

• Use glue gun with close supervision

• Cut slots

• Cut accurately and safely to a marked line

• Join and combing materials with temporary, fixed or moving joinings.

• Use craft knife, cutting mat and safety ruler under one to one supervision if appropriate

• Choose an appropriate sheet material for the purpose

Food

• Prepare food products taking into account the properties of ingredients and sensory characteristics.

• Select and prepare foods for a particular purpose

• Taste a range of ingredients, food items to develop a sensory food vocabulary for use when designing.

• Weigh and measure using scales

• Cut and shape ingredients using appropriate tools and equipment e.g. grating.

• Join and combine food ingredients appropriately e.g. beating, rubbing in. •Decorate appropriately •Work safely & hygienically

• Show awareness of a healthy and balanced diet.

*Know how to lay a table and have good table manners.

Year 6

Mechanical Systems

• Use bradawl to mark hole positions

• Use hand drill to drill tight and loose fit holes

• Cut strip wood, dowel, square section wood accurate to 1mm

• Join materials using appropriate methods

• Use a cam to make an up and down mechanism.

• Build frameworks using a range of materials e.g. wood, card corrugated plastic to support mechanisms

• Use glue gun with close supervision     • Cut slots

• Cut accurately and safely to a marked line

• Join materials with temporary, fixed or moving joinings

• Use craft knife, cutting mat and safety ruler under one to one supervision if appropriate

• Choose an appropriate sheet material for the purpose

Textiles

• Create 3D products using pattern pieces and seam allowance

• Understand pattern layout

• Decorate textiles appropriately often before joining components

• Pin and tack fabric pieces together

• Join fabrics using over sewing, back stitch, blanket stitch or machine stitching

(closer supervision)

• Combine fabrics to create more useful properties

• Make quality products

Food

• Prepare food products taking into account the properties of ingredients and sensory characteristics

• Plan, resource and prepare a 3 course meal.

• Taste a range of ingredients, food items to develop a sensory food vocabulary for use when designing.

• Weigh and measure using scales • Cut and shape ingredients using appropriate tools and equipment e.g. grating

• Join & combine food ingredients appropriately e.g. beating, rubbing in  •Decorate appropriately •Work safely & hygienically

• Show awareness of a healthy diet from an understanding of a balanced diet

*Know how to lay a table and conduct themselves with good table manners.